On the "hygienic" ability of traditional Chinese Medicine

10 Mar 2020 20:02

Even if wheat is the staple food in Europe and America, it can not prove that rice can not be used as staple food, nor can it prove that rice is unscientific. Similarly, even if Europe and the United States do not look at traditional Chinese medicine or eat traditional Chinese medicine, it cannot prove that traditional Chinese medicine cannot treat diseases or that traditional Chinese medicine is unscientific.

Recently, an expert in the history of Sui and Tang dynasties in China wrote an article, using the theory of raising chickens to study the problem of raising ducks (he only knew little about raising chickens and ducks), demonstrating that the traditional Chinese theory of "health" management and traditional Chinese medicine was unscientific.

We know that rice is the staple food in the south of China and wheat is the staple food in the north. In the view of some "experts", this phenomenon is very unscientific: there can only be one staple food, how can there be two kinds of staple food at the same time?

The logic of such an "expert" is: since wheat is the staple food, unless the process of rice from breeding to making cooked food conforms to the "wheat theory", the existence of rice is unscientific.

In the view of experts who believe that "only wheat is food", the theory related to rice, from rice planting to rice flour cooking, is unscientific, and it must be a lie to say that rice can raise people.

Therefore, I have never discussed "theoretical issues" with "experts", let alone whether Chinese medicine is "scientific" with them. I only state the fact that "rice can raise people".

Here, mainly talk about the Tang Dynasty "health" management and the effect of traditional Chinese medicine treatment.

one

Since ancient times, China has taken medicine and health as one of the main tasks of the country and brought it into the standardized management track. At the latest, in the Western Zhou Dynasty, a perfect medical and health work system was established from the central to the local level.

1. Health administration

"Zhou Li Tianguan Tomato Jae":

The doctor, the decree in charge of the doctor, accumulates poison to co-treat the doctor. All those who have diseases and those who choose from them will be divided into two groups to treat them. " ]

"Zhou Li-di litigants":

["raise all the people with six guarantees of interest: one is to be kind and young, the other is to provide for the aged, the third is to be poor, the fourth is to be poor, the fifth is to be lenient and ill, and the other is to be safe and rich."

"as a township doctor. At the age of age, he ascended to his husband's family and identified his successors. Those who are sick and sick give up. Enter his book at the age of age. "

"Lu Xu, each in charge of his orders. When they are old, they count their numbers and distinguish them from charity. On the other hand, they read the method and respect those who work for them. " ]

In the Western Zhou Dynasty, in the court, the national medical and health administrative organization headed by "doctors" was established, and the local governments at all levels entrusted the corresponding responsibilities of health administration. The decree of "physician" prevails at all levels of local government throughout the country, up to each of the 25 families).

2. Health operations

In the Western Zhou Dynasty, there were already diseases, food medicine, choice of medicine and veterinary medicine in the government's medical and health business, and there were also corresponding business organizations in the court.

Disease medicine is roughly equivalent to today's major internal medicine. One of the main tasks of disease medicine is to do a good job in the prevention and treatment of seasonal epidemics and infectious diseases.

Thousands of years ago, the theory of traditional Chinese medicine was very advanced and mature. "Zhou Li Tianguan Tomato Jae":

Disease medicine is the disease of nourishing all the people.

There are diseases at 04:00, head diseases in spring, itchy scabies in summer, malaria cold diseases in autumn, and cough and qi diseases in winter.? Everyone who has a disease in the people shall be treated separately, and at the end of his death, each book shall be admitted to the doctor for this reason. " ]

Traditional Chinese medicine has always advocated prevention, that is, the treatment of diseases. At the latest, in the Western Zhou Dynasty, traditional Chinese medicine found that there are corresponding epidemics and infectious diseases in different seasons, and established a systematic prevention and treatment theory, with mature prevention and treatment methods.

The medical institutions in various parts of the country, as mentioned above, work under the guidance of the medical operations of the court.

two

The medical and health work in Tang Dynasty is the inheritance and development of previous experience.

Like the Zhou Dynasty, any important work of the country, administration and business implementation are separate.

1. Health administration in Tang Dynasty

In Tang Dynasty, the health administrative department of the state was the ancestral department of the Ministry of propriety.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["(Ministry of propriety) one person in the ancestral department and one in each member, holding ancestral sacrifices, sacrifices, astronomy, missing carvings, national taboos, temple taboos, divination, medicine, monks and nuns. Where the children of famous doctors try to treat diseases, the Chief Executive has replied that the examiners have been famous for three years, "the spokesman said. ]

In the state and county governments of the country, there are also corresponding medical and health administrative institutions.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

[[local state capital] Cao Si contributed to the military, holding examination classes, hypotheses, sacrifices, etiquette, music, schools, Shuxu, Lu food, Xiangyi, medicine, divination, furnishings, funerals. " ]

The function of each county Yamen is the same as that of the state capital, and the corresponding officials are also responsible for these work.

In the Tang Dynasty, there were medical and health institutions in the prison and the army.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

[[the Ministry of Criminal Affairs] each has one official officer, one member and one member, each, holding the record of captive official books, giving food and clothing and medicine, and ignoring his complaint and exemption. "

"(Zhuwei) Cang Cao Shen has two military personnel each, just under eight products. In charge of the five prefectures, civil servants examination, hypothesis, Lu salary, court, pastoral, food, medicine, over the office. " ]

2. Health business management in Tang Dynasty

In Tang Dynasty, the competent department of national health business was Taichang Temple.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["(Taichang Temple) Taiji Department. There are four ways to command the medical treatment: one is the doctor, the other is the needle teacher, the other is the masseuse, and the other is the cursing of the forbidden teacher.

He was given medicine to prevent the disease of the people. " ]

The Taiji Department, which belongs to Taichang Temple, is responsible for the management and implementation of medical and health services throughout the country. The medical and health care in Tang Dynasty is divided into five major specialties, such as medicine, acupuncture, massage, curse prohibition, medicine and so on.

The prevention of epidemics and infectious diseases is one of the main responsibilities of this department. "Tang Liudian Taichang Temple":

["(Taitai Medical Department) every year, people with typhoid fever, time qi, malaria, dysentery, injured and gold sores are commonly used for the preparation of human diseases," he said. ]

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["(Taichang Temple) Taiji Department. Every mausoleum temple is stored with medicine, and each of them receives medicine and too often a doctor. In every state where medicine is taught, there shall be one medical collector. " ]

Every year, the Tai Medical Department produces a large number of epidemic prevention drugs and carries out strategic drug reserves. Taichang Temple has a large number of drug warehouses to deal with all possible crises. Every year, according to the actual situation, timely distribution of drugs to prevent epidemics and infectious diseases.

Every state capital in the country has a special department in charge of health business.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["MD alone, from nine products, palm treatment of people's disease.."). "A doctor of medicine, a doctor of medicine. (Kaiyuan) 27 years, the replacement of medical students, Zhanzhou border tour therapy. " ]

The state capital's "medicine" is not only a school, but also a state hospital. The M.D. is also the director of the hospital.

The state hospital is free of charge to see a doctor for the people.

Doctors in state hospitals also regularly travel around the state.

3. Training of Medical and Health talents in Tang Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty government established a standardized professional personnel training mechanism.

The court set up the National Medical College. A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["the Department of Medical Services. All teach doctors, the examination is such as the national supervision of the son of the country. The master of Beijing takes Liangtian as the garden, more than sixteen ordinary people as the students of the medicine garden, and the successful students as the teachers. Every medicine, distinguish what it comes out, choose its good to enter. There are 24 drug children, two drug garden teachers and eight drug garden students. Forty doctors. Twenty people are born with needles. Fifteen masseuse students. Curses forbid the birth of ten people. One doctor of medicine, one on eight products, and one assistant on nine products. Professor palm students are divided into "native grass", "A B" and "pulse meridians": one is physical therapy, the other is sore and swollen, the third is less and smaller, the fourth is the mouth of ears and eyes, and the fifth is the method of angle. Doctor Needle, from eight products; one assistant teacher, ten needle teachers, and from nine products under. Palm teaches needle students to meridians, holes, and teaches like doctors. Massage doctor one, masseuse four people, and from nine products under. Take charge of the method of teaching guidance in order to eliminate disease, injury and fall, it is right. Curse the doctor alone, from nine products. In charge of teaching curses forbid those who are strict, and fast to receive them. " ]

The National Medical College belongs to the Taiyi Medical Department, and its teaching, examination, selection and employment are the same as those of the State Superintendent of the country's highest institutions of higher learning. There are pharmacy (24 students), pharmacology (that is, traditional Chinese medicine planting, 8 students), medicine (physical therapy, sore swelling, small, ear and eye mouth, angle method and other five majors, 40 students), acupuncture (20 students), massage (15 students), curses (10 students).

There are medical schools in the state capitals of the country.

A hundred official Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

A doctor of medicine, from nine products. The palm cures the people's disease. Zhenguan three years, buy medicine, there are doctor of medicine and students. In the first year of Kaiyuan, he changed his doctor of medicine to a doctor of medicine, set up teaching assistants in various states, and wrote "Herbal Medicine" and "one hundred episodes of prescription". There are 20 students in all, 20 in Superior and ten in Zhongzhou and Xiazhou. " ]

According to the population of the Tang Dynasty, the states of the country were divided into upper, middle and lower levels. The number of medical students in the upper state is 20, and that in the middle and lower states is 10.

4. Selection and examination of Medical and Health talents in Tang Dynasty

Misled by some people (not excluding intent), people often think that the imperial examination in Tang Dynasty is only Jin Shi and Ming Jing.

In fact, the Tang Dynasty in various professional and technical fields, there are imperial examination items.

This is the case in the field of medicine. Electoral Records of the New Tang Dynasty:

["there are many ways to pick people up in the Tang Dynasty, and when they were in their heyday, ….") there are many ways to pick people up in the Tang Dynasty. There are 63070 students from museums and counties, 36 students from Taishi history, 150 students from astronomy, 211 students from Taiji children and needle spells, and 30 divination students from Taibo divination. All of them have entered the door of the official, and the directors of the divisions have become officials and prefectures and counties who have not yet been told, absent-minded. " ]

In Tang Dynasty, officials divided the talents of governing the country into 27 categories, one of which was medical talents. The Book of the New Tang Dynasty

["(Ministry of officials) one man in the examination of meritorious service, one in each of the staff, and one in charge of the merits and demerits of all civil and military functions, the examination of good and evil, and their deeds. His examination method, where the length of the company, the age is more than its merits and demerits, poor to nine, and read it together. In addition to the good, there are 27 of the most:. 23 it is said that the occupation of medical divination, the effect of many, is the most effective in the practice of prescription. " ]

The talent selection system in the field of medicine is much the same as the selection of Jinshi and Mingjing. It is not easy to study medicine. There is a monthly exam in the month and a quarterly exam in the season. if you cannot graduate within the prescribed time, you will have to go home.

"Tang Liudian Taichang Temple":

["his examination and examination shall be used as the law of the supervision of the children of the country." Doctor once a month, too medical order, prime season try, too often Cheng year-end general examination. If the skill is too much for the official, listen to the replacement. If he has not succeeded in his studies for nine years, he will withdraw from his true colors. " ]

"Tang Liudian Shangshu official Department":

["the officials of all tricks are written down by the Secretary, and the officials are attached to the armour.") all the officials, the officials and the officials. (the secretary, the temple, the Taipu Temple and other tricks of the official, only the transfer of the division, can not be described. If there is no lack of this department, listen to the scattered official, there is a que first. If you have completed the exam again, you will also listen to the outside talk.) "]

Because of its strong professionalism, the examination and selection of medicine is organized by the competent department of medical and health services. Whether students are hired as public officials after graduation, or excellent performance in the work to promote the use, are led by the business department to complete, the selection results will be reported to the official department for the record. If the work assessment is excellent, it should indeed be promoted, but if the establishment of officials is not enough, you can first raise the level and enjoy treatment.

three

There is no doubt that the medical and health system in Tang Dynasty is perfect and advanced.

However, experts who firmly believe that "only wheat is grain" say: China has not understood the theory of "hygiene" since ancient times.

As the saying goes, if you fail in the middle, look at the action. Therefore, what I want to talk about next is: Rice can also fill the stomach, but also very nourishing people.

Only if the effect of medical and health care is good, can we prove that the medical and health system of Tang Dynasty is really advanced, and traditional Chinese medicine does work.

Take the Tang Taizong period in the early Tang Dynasty as an example.

During the period of Tang Taizong, there were six major outbreaks in China. Because the local government was unable to deal with it, the court immediately sent a medical team to organize a large number of drugs to prevent and cure it.

Volume 147 of the Book of Tortoises:

[(Zhenguan) Ten years, Guanoi, Hedong disease, medicine treatment. "

"(Zhenguan) in March of fifteen years. The disease in Zezhou is treated by sending doctors.

"(Zhenguan) in the summer of sixteen years, Gu, Jing, Xu, Guo, Dai Wuzhou disease, sent medicine."

"(Zhenguan) in June of the seventeenth year, the disease in the three states of Tan, Hao and Lu sent medical treatment."

"(Zhenguan) 18 years since spring and summer, Lu, Gilbert, Ba, Pu, Chen disease, sent medical treatment."

"(Zhenguan) in September 22, the epidemic in Qiangzhou was approved of medical treatment." ]

Because the court had a national professional medical and health team and a strong drug reserve, the epidemic was quickly brought under control.

The medical and health effect of Tang Dynasty, first of all, manifested in the super powerful poetry. Because of the peace of the country, Li Bai and du Fu traveled all over China's mountains and rivers and wrote all the beautiful scenery of the world. In fact, in the Tang Dynasty, like Li Bai du Fu, there were countless scholars traveling around the country.

Of course, the most persuasive thing is the sustained and stable growth of the population of the Tang Dynasty. The Book of Foods of the New Tang Dynasty:

["at the beginning of Zhenguan (627 AD in the first year of the year), households were less than 3 million." ]

"General reference to the rule of resources":

["(Yonghui three years, AD 652) perform. That is, today's household 3.8 million ".

"(Shenlong first year, AD 705) is the year old, the household plays the world household 6.15 million, the mouth 37.14 million has the distortion."

"(Kaiyuan 14 years, AD 726) in May, Guimao, the household department played 769565 households this year, mouth 414199712."

"(Kaiyuan 28, AD 740) is the age of the world. The household is 8.412871, and the mouth is 4814369. ]

In 627 AD, there were less than 3 million households across the country.

In 652 years after 25 years, the number of households increased to 3.8 million;

After another 50 years, it grew to 6.15 million households;

After 21 years, it grew to nearly 7.07 million households.

After another 15 years, it grew to 8.41 million households.

In front of this impressive data, all the "wheat theory" is meaningless nonsense.

There is no doubt that Chinese rice is very nutritious.

four

Is there any practical significance of the "wheat theory" in the West?

Theories that cannot be tested by practice belong to "theology".

I won't say any more. I'll just state the facts.

According to Laurence Stone's Family, Sex and Marriage in the UK:

["

1665 (note:

The four years of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty of China,

), the courtiers of Charles II (

Note:

All the top British aristocrats.

Escape from the plague in London

Oxford University (

Note:

Top schools)

Take refuge.

They did not return to London until the beginning of the following year, leaving faeces in every corner-chimneys, study, coal houses, cellars-when they left. In the same year, Samuel Pierce stayed in a strange family one night and found that the maid had forgotten to provide an indoor night pot, when he did not light a candle to the toilet, but instead of lighting a candle to the toilet, he found that the maid had forgotten to provide an indoor night pot.

Pull the feces into the stove

I pulled it twice. ]

The city of London is like this:

["A special problem in London in the early 18th century was the 'pit of the poor', in which the bodies of the poor were stacked in rows and rows in large, deep, open caverns.)" A special problem in London in the early 18th century was the 'pit of the poor', in which the bodies of the poor were stacked in rows and rows. Only when the entrance of the cave is filled with corpses is covered with soil.

1742 (note:

(Qianlong for seven years), Dr. Johnson will

London is described as a city full of dirty things that even barbarians look at. There's a lot of evidence that it is.

A considerable amount of human dung 'was thrown into the street at night, when residents closed their doors'.

Human dung is then piled up on nearby roads and ditches, so that people entering and leaving London are forced to stop breathing in order to avoid the stench caused by inhaling feces. " ]

At this time in China, Lin Daiyu lived in the Grand View Garden, dressed in silk, tasted tea, listened to Beijing Opera, Kunqu Opera, Huangmei Opera, and ate Chinese food.

At this time, I have to discuss with me how the western "health theory" is advanced. I can only think of it as playing hooligans.

five

Write so much above, in fact, it only explains the truth of the third grade of a primary school.

To sum up, it is:

Even if wheat is the staple food in Europe and America, it can not prove that rice can not be used as staple food, nor can it prove that rice is unscientific.

Similarly, even if Europe and the United States do not look at traditional Chinese medicine or eat traditional Chinese medicine, it cannot prove that traditional Chinese medicine cannot treat diseases or that traditional Chinese medicine is unscientific.